Improved D2D Millimeter Wave Communications for 5G Networks Using Deep Learning.pdf

Mode selection is normally used in conjunction with Device-to-Device (D2D) millimeter wave (mmWave) communications in 5G networks to overcome the low coverage area, poor reliability and vulnerable to path blocking of mmWave transmissions. Thus, producing a high-efficient D2D mmWave using mode selection based on select the optimal mode with low complexity turns to be a big challenge towards ubiquitous D2D mmWave communications. In this paper, low complexity and high-efficient mode selection in D2D mmWave communications based on deep learning is introduced utilizing the artificial intelligence. In which, deep learning is used to estimate the optimal mode y in the case of blocking of mmWave transmission or low coverage area of mmWave communications. Then, the proposed deep learning model is based on training the model with almost use cases in offline phase to predict the optimal mode for data relaying high-reliability communication in online phase. In mode selection process, the potential D2D transmitter select the mode to transmit the data either based on dedicated D2D communication or through the cellular uplink using the base station (BS) as a relay based on several criteria. The proposed deep learning model is developed to overcome the challenges of selected the optimal mode with low complexity and high efficiency. The simulation analysis show that the proposed mode selection algorithms outperform the conventional techniques in D2D mmWave communication in the spectral efficiency, energy efficiency and coverage probability.