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A Tertiary Review on Blockchain and Sustainability with Focus on Sustainable Development Goals

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posted on 20.01.2022, 05:10 by Shanshan JiangShanshan Jiang, Kine Jakobsen, Jonas Bueie, Jingyue Li, Peter Halland Haro
Blockchain as a disruptive technology and a driver for social changes has been applied to a wide range of applications, exhibiting a great potential to promote sustainable practices and help organizations and governments to achieve United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). Literature reviews on blockchain and sustainability exist, but there is a need to consolidate existing results in terms of SDGs. This paper presents a tertiary review based on 28 existing literature reviews to investigate the relationship between blockchain and sustainability, focusing on SDGs. The findings include a novel mapping of impact-based interlinkage of blockchain and SDGs and a systematic overview of drivers and barriers to adopting blockchain for sustainability. Research gaps to overcome the barriers and enhance blockchain’s positive impacts on SDGs are identified. We found that blockchain applications are still in their early stages. Future empirical studies are needed regarding their large-scale deployment and long-term impacts on sustainability as well as standard tools and methods for implementing blockchain-based sustainable solutions from the software engineering perspective.

Funding

Platform as Service Technologies for High-performance Blockchain-based Supply Chain Management Systems

The Research Council of Norway

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International Partnership in Information Technology

The Research Council of Norway

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the Norwegian Regional Research Fund Nord No. 299423

the National Key Research and Development Program of China No. 2019YFE0105500

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

shanshan.jiang@sintef.no

ORCID of Submitting Author

0000-0001-6862-5187

Submitting Author's Institution

SINTEF

Submitting Author's Country

Norway

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