A Theory for Analysis of Pulse Electromagnetic Radiation
preprintposted on 2021-08-18, 13:29 authored by Gaobiao XiaoGaobiao Xiao
A theory for analyzing the radiative and reactive energies for pulse radiators in free space is presented. With the proposed definition of reactive energies and radiative energies, power balance at arbitrarily chosen observation surfaces are established, which intuitively shows that the Poynting vector contains not only the power flux density associated with the radiative energies, but also the influence of the fluctuation of the reactive energies dragging by the sources. A new vector is defined for the radiative power flux density. The radiative energies passing through observation surfaces enclosing the radiator are accurately calculated. Numerical results verifies that the proposed radiative flux density is more proper for expressing the radiative power flux density than the Poynting vector.