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A hybrid amplifier topology for low-noise direct-coupled front ends

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posted on 2023-06-08, 15:00 authored by Enrique SpinelliEnrique Spinelli, Marcelo Haberman, Federico Guerrero

Hybrid amplifiers combine discrete transistors with operational amplifiers (OAs) achieving superior characteristics compared with commercially available OAs, while keeping simple structures and a reduced number of parts. A single-ended amplifier topology based on a junction field-effect transistor (JFET) is proposed as a means of achieving very low input noise levels, both in current and voltage. It is direct-coupled and allows to place a high-pass filter at its input to preserve input range, or at its output to optimize noise. The proposed topology results in a low input capacitance and low input-current noise, making it suitable for applications where multiple amplifiers are connected in parallel to achieve ultra-low noise levels. The amplifier’s gain is set by a resistor ratio, being suitable for instrumentation front ends. The circuit analysis and design equations are provided to adapt it for different applications and, as an example, an amplifier with a gain of 40 dB and a bandwidth from DC to 1 MHz was designed, built, and tested. 


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Submitting Author's Institution

Universidad Nacional de La Plata - CONICET

Submitting Author's Country

  • Argentina

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