An Adaptive Topology Optimization Strategy for GNSS Inter-satellite Network
preprintposted on 19.11.2021, 14:32 by Kai HANKai HAN, Bingbing XU, Fengwei SHAO, Wenbin GONG, Qianyi REN
Inter satellite link (ISL) is an effective way for the global navigation satellite system (GNSS) to reduce its dependence on ground infrastructure, which guarantees constellation orbit determination and satellite communication. When the number of onboard Ka-band ISL antennas is less than that of visible satellites, the inter-satellite link assignment of GNSS causes a problem. For the problem of inter-satellite link scheduling, considering that the result of the allocated link has a feedback effect on the subsequent link assignment as a priori knowledge, an adaptive topology optimization algorithm based on signed variance (ABSV) is proposed. In order to meet the requirements of communication and ranging performance, the time slot is divided into a communication time slot and a ranging time slot. Taking the waiting delay time of satellite communication and PDOP as measurement indexes, the proposed strategy is simulated for 10080 min. The results show that the ranging performance of this strategy is better than other recently published methods, which verifies the effectiveness of signed variance for adaptive link planning and is also beneficial to the survivability of constellation.