An Efficient Ray-Based Modeling Approach for Scattering from Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces
Reconfigurable Intelligent Surfaces (RISs), which can be implemented using metasurface technology or reflect/transmit antenna array technology, have garnered significant attention in research studies focused on both their technological aspects and potential applications. While various modeling approaches have been proposed - ranging from electromagnetic simulations and analytical integral formulations to simplified approaches based on scattering matrix theory - there remains a great need for efficient and electromagnetically-consistent macroscopic models that can accurately simulate scattering from RISs, particularly for realistic simulations of RIS-based wireless networks. Building on previous work based on the characterization of the RIS through a surface impedance (or ”spatial modulation”) function and a few parameters, in the present paper we propose a fully ray-based approach for the computation of the re-radiated field that can be easily embedded in efficient, forward ray tracing (also known as ”ray launching”) models. We validate the proposed model by comparison to well established methods available in the literature. Results show that, although the considered method is based on a completely different formulation and is much more efficient than integral formulation methods, results are almost indistinguishable in some benchmark cases.
Email Address of Submitting Authorenricomaria.firstname.lastname@example.org
ORCID of Submitting Author0000-0003-4582-0953
Submitting Author's InstitutionUniversity of Bologna
Submitting Author's Country