An Open Model for Generating High Resolution Wind Power Production Scenarios
preprintposted on 08.03.2021, 23:50 by Elis Nycander, Lennart Söder
Efficient integration of variable renewable energy (VRE) such as wind power into power systems requires methods for power system operation planning that account for VRE uncertainty and variability. This has motivated extensive research into unit commitment (UC) and optimal power flow (OPF) formulations with VRE uncertainty. However, these formulations are often tested using significantly simplified representations of VRE production. We seek to address this issue by providing a model for generating realistic wind power scenarios using real production and forecast data. The scenarios are generated using 5-min production and 30-min forecast data for real wind farms from Australia. The model captures the empirical distribution of the forecast errors and the covariance between different wind farms. The high time resolution of the production data also allows the recreation of the high-frequency (5-min) component of wind power production. The resulting model is openly available, and can be used to generate wind power scenarios for use in formulations for operation planning of power systems (UC/OPF) considering wind uncertainty and intra-hour variability. The scenarios can be tailored according to preferences for, e.g., the number of wind farms and their geographical dispersion.