Assessing Automated Machine Learning service to detect COVID-19 from X-Ray and CT images: A Real-time Smartphone Application case study
The purpose of our study was to evaluate Microsoft Cognitive Service to detect COVID19 induced pneumonia and ordinary viral or bacterial infection in Lung using X-Ray and CT scan images. We have used Datasets from a recognized and trusted source to build our model. The primary objective is a Smartphone based on device real-time inference system. In this case, the model would run by a mobile device’s System on Chip (SoC) and will not require an internet connection for inference with zero latency. This system would be particularly suitable for rural areas of developing countries where internet connection is poor or not available. The secondary solution would be a web portal running the inference through REST API from Custom Vision.
Now, given the nature of The Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-COV-2), which causes respiratory disease as a novel one, the majority of the radiologists are not acquainted enough to detect the virus-related changes from the X-Ray. Moreover, the morphology of COVID-19 and common Pneumonia are hard to differentiate from X-Ray alone without the patient's symptoms by a radiologist.
Here, AI comes into play with the role of an expert assistant. It is much faster and efficient to train a machine over thousands of labeled training data to observe and detect subtle differences between various X-Ray images to train its Artificial Neural Network and classify them quickly which is otherwise not possible by a human eye. A Radiologist can use the app to primarily identify the X-Ray in question and combine it with his/her medical expertise along with the patient's case history before in conjunction with tests like RT PCR/Antibody.