Binary Spectrum Feature for Improved Classiﬁer Performance
Classiﬁcation has become a vital task in modern machine learning and Artiﬁcial Intelligence applications, including smart sensing. Numerous machine learning techniques are available to perform classiﬁcation. Similarly, numerous practices, such as feature selection (i.e., selection of a subset of descriptor variables that optimally describe the output), are available to improve classiﬁer performance. In this paper, we consider the case of a given supervised learning classiﬁcation task that has to be performed making use of continuous-valued features. It is assumed that an optimal subset of features has already been selected. Therefore, no further feature reduction, or feature addition, is to be carried out. Then, we attempt to improve the classiﬁcation performance by passing the given feature set through a transformation that produces a new feature set which we have named the “Binary Spectrum”. Via a case study example done on some Pulsed Eddy Current sensor data captured from an infrastructure monitoring task, we demonstrate how the classiﬁcation accuracy of a Support Vector Machine (SVM) classiﬁer increases through the use of this Binary Spectrum feature, indicating the feature transformation’s potential for broader usage.