Carrier-Assisted Phase Retrieval
preprintposted on 15.12.2021, 08:40 by Qi WuQi Wu
Phase-retrieval (PR) schemes based on the modified Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm capture the full-field employing a dispersive element and intensity-only measurements to eliminate the use of a local oscillator. In this work, we propose two carrier-assisted PR schemes, namely central carrier-assisted PR (CCA-PR) and edge carrier-assisted PR (ECA-PR), to improve the comprehensive performance of PR receiver in terms of convergence speed, redundancy, and computational complexity. The proposed CCA-PR recovers the electrical field employing a reference carrier at 0 GHz with several iterations between two projection planes. It avoids pilot symbols and digital backpropagation to the transmitter and offers a flexible electrical bandwidth requirement compared with conventional PR schemes. To lower the carrier-to-signal power ratio (CSPR) requirement and enable faster convergence for the carrier-assisted PR schemes, the ECA-PR is proposed to obtain the initial phase for the GS algorithm. We numerically characterize the performance of the two schemes and experimentally demonstrate them for 30 GBaud 16-quadrature amplitude modulation (16-QAM) transmission over 80 km single-mode fiber with a bit error rate (BER) below the threshold of 7% hard-decision forward error correction (HD-FEC). Several critical parameters are analyzed, including the applied dispersion value, CSPR, and electrical bandwidth. Moreover, we compare the hardware complexity and optical signal-to-noise ratio (OSNR) sensitivity of proposed PR schemes with mainstream field recovery schemes.