Classification of Alcoholic and Non-Alcoholic EEG Signals Based on Sliding-SSA and Independent Component Analysis
preprintposted on 29.06.2021, 00:42 authored by Muhammad ZubairMuhammad Zubair
Alcoholism is a widely affected disorder that leads to critical brain deficiencies such as emotional and behavioural impairments. One of the prominent sources to detect alcoholism is by analysing Electroencephalogram (EEG) signals. Previously, most of the works have focused on detecting alcoholism using various machine and deep learning algorithms. This paper has used a novel algorithm named Sliding Singular Spectrum Analysis (S-SSA) to decompose and de-noise the EEG signals. We have considered independent component analysis (ICA) to select the prominent alcoholic and non-alcoholic components from the preprocessed EEG data. Later, these components were used to train and test various machine learning models like SVM, KNN, ANN, GBoost, AdaBoost and XGBoost to classify alcoholic and non-alcoholic EEG signals. The sliding SSA-ICA algorithm helps in reducing the computational time and complexity of the machine learning models. To validate the performance of the ICA algorithm, we have compared the computational time and accuracy of ICA with its counterpart, like principal component analysis (PCA). The proposed algorithm is tested on a publicly available UCI alcoholic EEG dataset. To verify the performance of machine learning models, we have calculated various metrics like accuracy, precision, recall and F1 score. Our work reported the highest accuracy of 98.97% with the XGBoost classifier. The validation of the proposed method is done by comparing the classification metrics with the latest state-of-the-art works.