Comparing 4G and 5G downlink energy consumption.pdf (621.74 kB)
Download file

Comparing 4G and 5G downlink energy consumption

Download (621.74 kB)
posted on 2022-10-10, 20:15 authored by Li PengLi Peng

During the deployment of 5G it has become apparent that 5G base stations consume excessive amounts of energy. However, there has been little investigation or discussion of this issue in theoretical research circles. This article examines this problem by comparing 4G and 5G from three perspectives: theoretical analysis of communication systems; their high-order modulation constellations and carrier aggregation; and their base station downlink schemes in industrial standard. The basic conclusion is that the mobile communication system with multiple modulation technologies is designed theoretically by considering energy efficiency and spectral efficiency, but the actual energy consumption exceeds the operator's expectation. On the basis of this, possible future directions for improving spectrum efficiency and reducing energy consumption are proposed.


This work was supported in part by the National Science Foundation of China (NSFC 61771212).


Email Address of Submitting Author

ORCID of Submitting Author


Submitting Author's Institution

Huazhong University of Science and Technology

Submitting Author's Country

  • China