Coupling of Magnetic Field Noise in Multilayer Magnetic Shields for Atomic Magnetometer
Ferrite materials are used as magnetic shielding to reduce ultra-low magnetic field noise and interference in ultra-high precision magnetic measurement instruments, including atomic magnetometers. However, there was a shielding coupling between the inner and outer layer of magnetic shields, which affected the shielding effect of the magnetic shields. This study analyzed the magnetic field noise coupling between magnetic shields, and measured the residual magnetic field. Then, after demagnetizing and compensating the coil to remove residual magnetic field, a SERF atomic magnetometer was used to study the coupling magnetic field noise on ferrite. A thermal magnetic noise of 210 ƒ-1/2·fT had a significant impact on the magnetic field noise of low-frequency Mn-Zn ferrite shield. The sensitivity decreased from 0.737 fT/Hz1/2 to 9.223 fT/Hz1/2@30Hz, and the magnetic field noise raised to 70.05 ƒ-1/2·fT. The study indicated that the secondary outer layer has a significant impact on the coupling magnetic field noise and magnetic shielding performance of ferrite, while the impact of thermal magnetic noise on the magnetic field noise of ferrite is related to frequency and bandwidth. The research provides a reference for the application of ferrite magnetic shields in atomic magnetometers and the development of shielding devices with wide-frequency electromagnetic shields.
National Natural Science Foundation of China No. 62103381 and No.12204434
Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China No. LQ21F030005
Center-initiated Research Project of Zhejiang Lab No. 2022MB0AL01
Email Address of Submitting Authorwangzixuan@zhejianglab.com
Submitting Author's InstitutionZhejiang Lab
Submitting Author's Country