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D3PG: Dirichlet DDPG for Task Partitioning and Offloading with Constrained Hybrid Action Space in Mobile Edge Computing

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posted on 03.03.2022, 16:34 authored by Laha AleLaha Ale, Scott King, Ning Zhang, Abdul Sattar, Janahan Skandaraniyam
Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) has been regarded as a promising paradigm to reduce service latency for data processing in Internet of Things, by provisioning computing resources at network edge. In this work, we jointly optimize the task partitioning and computational power allocation for computation offloading in a dynamic environment with multiple IoT devices and multiple edge servers. We formulate the problem as a Markov decision process with constrained hybrid action space, which cannot be well handled by existing deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithms. Therefore, we develop a novel Deep Reinforcement Learning called Dirichlet Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (D3PG), which
is built on Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (DDPG) to solve the problem. The developed model can learn to solve multi-objective optimization, including maximizing the number of tasks processed before expiration and minimizing the energy cost and service latency. More importantly, D3PG can effectively deal with constrained distribution-continuous hybrid action space, where the distribution variables are for the task partitioning and offloading, while the continuous variables are for computational frequency control. Moreover, the D3PG can address many similar issues in MEC and general reinforcement learning problems. Extensive simulation results show that the proposed D3PG outperforms the state-of-art methods.
Mobile Edge Computing (MEC) has been regarded as a promising paradigm to reduce service latency for data processing in Internet of Things, by provisioning computing resources at network edge. In this work, we jointly optimize the task partitioning and computational power allocation for computation offloading in a dynamic environment with multiple IoT devices and multiple edge servers. We formulate the problem as a Markov decision process with constrained hybrid action space, which cannot be well handled by existing deep reinforcement learning (DRL) algorithms. Therefore, we develop a novel Deep Reinforcement Learning called Dirichlet Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (D3PG), which is built on Deep Deterministic Policy Gradient (DDPG) to solve the problem. The developed model can learn to solve multi-objective optimization, including maximizing the number of tasks processed before expiration and minimizing the energy cost and service latency. More importantly, D3PG can effectively deal with constrained distribution-continuous hybrid action space, where the distribution variables are for the task partitioning and offloading, while the continuous variables are for computational frequency control. Moreover, the D3PG can address many similar issues in MEC and general reinforcement learning problems. Extensive simulation results show that the proposed D3PG outperforms the state-of-art methods.

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Email Address of Submitting Author

lale@islander.tamucc.edu

ORCID of Submitting Author

0000-0002-4070-5289

Submitting Author's Institution

Texas A&M University-Corpus Christi

Submitting Author's Country

United States of America