Decentralized Frequency Regulation of Hybrid MTDC-linked Grids
preprintposted on 2021-12-11, 16:22 authored by Youngjin KimYoungjin Kim
This paper proposes a new strategy for optimal grid frequency regulation (FR) in an interconnected power system where regional ac grids and an offshore wind farm are linked via a multi-terminal high voltage direct-current (MTDC) network. In the proposed strategy, decentralized H∞ controllers are developed to coordinate the operations of ac synchronous generators and hybrid MTDC converters, thus achieving optimal power sharing of interconnected ac grids and minimizing frequency deviations in each grid. To develop the controllers, robust optimization problems are formulated and solved using a dynamic model of the hybrid MTDC-linked grids with model parameter uncertainty and decentralized control inputs and outputs. The model orders of the resulting controllers are then reduced using a balanced truncation algorithm to eliminate unobservable and uncontrollable state variables while preserving their dominant response characteristics. Sensitivity and eigenvalue analyses are conducted focusing on the effects of grid measurements, parameter uncertainty levels, and communication time delays. Comparative case studies are also carried out to verify that the proposed strategy improves the effectiveness, stability, and robustness of real-time FR in MTDC-linked grids under various conditions characterized mainly by load demands, communications systems, and weighting functions.