Detection and blind channel estimation for UAV-aided wireless sensor networks in smart cities under mobile jamming attack
preprintposted on 10.12.2021, 18:15 by Donatella Darsena, Giacinto Gelli, Ivan IudiceIvan Iudice, Francesco Verde
Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) can be integrated into wireless sensor networks (WSNs) for smart city applications in several ways. Among them, a UAV can be employed as a relay in a “store-carry and forward” fashion by uploading data from ground sensors and metering devices and, then, downloading it to a central unit. However, both the uploading and downloading phases can be prone to potential threats and attacks. As a legacy from traditional wireless networks, the jamming attack is still one of the major and serious threats to UAV-aided communications, especially when also the jammer is mobile, e.g., it is mounted on a UAV or inside a terrestrial vehicle. In this paper, we investigate anti-jamming communications for UAV-aided WSNs operating over doubly-selective channels in the downloading phase. In such a scenario, the signals transmitted by the UAV and the malicious mobile jammer undergo both time dispersion due to multipath propagation effects and frequency dispersion caused by their mobility. To suppress high-power jamming signals, we propose a blind physical-layer technique that jointly detects the UAV and jammer symbols through serial disturbance cancellation based on symbol-level post-sorting of the detector output. Amplitudes, phases, time delays, and Doppler shifts – required to implement the proposed detection strategy – are blindly estimated from data through the use of algorithms that exploit the almost-cyclostationarity properties of the received signal and the detailed structure of multicarrier modulation format. Simulation results corroborate the anti-jamming capabilities of the proposed method, for different mobility scenarios of the jammer.