Direct white noise characterization of short-channel MOSFETs
preprintposted on 21.02.2021, 14:03 by Kenji OhmoriKenji Ohmori, Shuhei Amakawa
On-wafer evaluation of white thermal and shot noise in nanoscale MOSFETs is demonstrated by directly sensing the drain current under zero- and nonzsero-drain-bias (Vd) conditions for the first time, without recourse to a hot noise source, commonly needed in noise figure measurement. The dependence of white noise intensity on the drain bias clearly shows thermal noise at Vd=0 V and shot noise at Vd>0 V with its gate-bias-dependent suppression. An empirical expression for the Fano factor (shot-noise suppression factor) that is well-behaved even at Vd=0V exactly and suitable for measurement-based evaluation is proposed. The direct measurement approach could allow more accurate and predictive noise modeling of RF MOSFETs than has conventionally been possible.