Fault-tolerant Soft Sensors for Dynamic Systems
preprintposted on 01.02.2022, 03:01 by Hongtian ChenHongtian Chen, Biao Huang
Unpredicted faults occurring in automation systems deteriorate the performance of soft sensors and may even lead to incorrect results. In order to address the problem, this study develops three novel data-driven approaches for development of soft sensors. The three proposed soft sensors have fault-tolerant abilities. They are respectively called measurement space-aided scheme (MSaS), subspace-aided scheme (SSaS), and improved MSaS (IMSaS). As means to obtain more accurate results of soft sensors in the online phase, 1) MSaS constructs an optimal estimator of faults in the measurement space; 2) SSaS removes the influences caused by unknown sensor faults with the aid of a constructed subspace; 3) IMSaS is an improved version of MSaS, eliminating the influences of the past prediction error that may accumulate and affect the current prediction result. They are the output-driven fault-tolerant soft sensors because their implementations rely on system measurements only. Furthermore, performance analysis is also conducted to investigate the estimation errors. Both the sufficient and necessary conditions for these designs are provided, and illustrations of the effectiveness and feasibility of the three proposed fault-tolerant soft sensors based on two case studies are given.
Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)
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