Game Theoretic Frequency Reuse Approach in OFDMA Femtocell Networks
preprintposted on 08.02.2021, 17:55 by Joydev GhoshJoydev Ghosh
In this paper, we initially dealt with the issue of spectrum allocation among macro (or “licensed”) and Femto (or “unlicensed”) users in an orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) femtocell network of non- ooperative game theoretic frequency reuse approach. We formulate the difficulty based on spectrum bidding. Here individual Secondary Users (SU) create an auction for the amount of bandwidth and every PU can share the frequency band among SUs by itself according to the intelligence from SUs without lowering its own performance. Here, we consider that the bidding is a non- ooperative game and one of its solutions is a Nash Equilibrium (NE). The femto base stations (FBSs) are grouped into different cluster for mitigating the undesired interference among them. The game theoretical method deals with the inter-cluster frequency clashes.We exemplified a link between utility function and the number of players by non-cooperative game theoretic approach to guide the spectrum sharing decision at the cell edges. The convergence of the development mechanism is rigorously scrutinized and extensive numerical outcomes are presented to illustrate their potential merits.