Gerchberg-Saxton Based FIR Filter for Electronic Dispersion Compensation in IM/DD Transmission Part I: Theory and Simulation
Intensity-modulation and direct-detection (IM/DD) transmission over short-reach optical fiber links, require electronic dispersion compensation (EDC) at the transmitter and/or electronic equalization at the receiver. Recently, the iterative Gerchberg-Saxton (GS) algorithm was demonstrated for EDC in IM/DD systems, through treating the amplitude at the transmitter and the phase prior-to the direct detection receiver as a degree of freedom. In Part I of this work, three GS approaches using finite impulse response (FIR) filters for EDC in IM/DD systems are demonstrated. The first two are closely related and rely on a cascaded FIR structure, while the third offers a novel noniterative EDC solution using a single GS optimized static FIR filter. This is achieved through decoupling pattern dependent aspects of transmission from the GS iterations by targeting a single impulse at the DD receiver. With every successive iteration an impulse response for the GS filter emerges and sets the FIR tap weights. It is also demonstrated that closed-form analytical expressions for the GS filter impulse response can be obtained through small-signal frequency-domain analysis. The FIR filter is simulated using 8-bit finite-precision arithmetic. An adaptive T spaced post feed-forward equalizer (FFE) is utilized for mitigating residual chromatic dispersion. It is shown, that a T/2-spaced pre-EDC FIR filter with 417 taps can support 56 Gb/s non-return-to-zero (NRZ) on-off keying (OOK) transmission over 80 km of single mode fiber (SMF) with a chirp-free Mach-Zehnder modulator (MZM). Part II of this work, presents experimental demonstration of the non-iterative GS FIR filter proposed and simulated in this article.
Email Address of Submitting Authorabdullah.email@example.com
ORCID of Submitting Author0000-0003-0044-996X
Submitting Author's InstitutionAmerican University of the Middle East
Submitting Author's Country