Yamawaki_20210118a-preprint.pdf (530.73 kB)

High-rate altimetry in SNR-based GNSS-R: Proof-of-concept of a synthetic vertical array

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posted on 18.03.2021, 05:25 by Mauricio Kenji Yamawaki, Felipe Geremia-Nievinski, João Francisco Monico
Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry (GNSS-R) has emerged as a promising remote sensing technique for coastal sea level monitoring. The GNSS-R based on signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) observations employs a single antenna and a conventional receiver. It performs best for low elevation satellites, where direct and reflected radio waves are very similar in polarization and direction of arrival. One of the disadvantages of SNR-based GNSS-R for sea level altimetry is its low temporal resolution, which is of the order of one hour for each independent satellite pass. Here we present a proof-of-concept based on a synthetic vertical array. It exploits the mechanical movement of a single antenna at high rate (about 1 Hz). SNR observations can then be fit to a known modulation, of the order of the antenna sweeping rate. We demonstrate that centimetric altimetry precision can be achieved in a 5-minute session. [©2021 IEEE]


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Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul

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