Highly_Efficient_3-Bit_Digital_Power_Amplifier_for_OFDM_Waveform_Amp.pdf (5.6 MB)
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Highly Efficient 3-Bit Digital Power Amplifier for OFDM Waveform Amplification

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posted on 2022-10-27, 03:49 authored by Jiteng MaJiteng Ma, Gautam Jindal, Manish Nair, Tommaso Cappello, Gavin Watkins, Kevin Morris, Mark Beach

In this work, we present a digital power amplifier (DPA) and a signal-optimized control technique suitable for the amplification of orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). OFDM is a high peak-to-average power ratio (PAPR) signal that is naturally arising from high spectrum efficiency modulations. A 3-bit DPA is implemented with three power-scaled transistors which are turned on and off based on the signal amplitude, while phase modulation is restored using the RF input signal. The unavoidable non-linearities at the DPA output due to the PA switching are minimized by accounting for the OFDM signal probability density function (PDF). This PDF is a priori knowledge to design an optimal quantizer that minimizes distortion by distributing the DPA power levels where the signal amplitude is more similar to the original one. Back-off efficiency within 2^3=8 possible states is then optimized by implementing a load-modulating power combiner. Theory and an example design of the combiner network are provided and demonstrated for this DPA. The reported DPA prototype operates at 1.5 GHz with a 3-bit control and achieves a maximum power-added efficiency (PAE) of 64.3% and maintains a drain efficiency greater than 47% over the output power range from 36.6 to 45.2dBm (8.6dB range).


UKRI/EPSRC SWAN Prosperity Partner- ship (EP/T005572/1)

Toshiba Europe Ltd


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University of Bristol

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  • United Kingdom