Hybrid Architecture based on RNN-SVM for Multilingual Online Handwriting Recognition using Beta-elliptic and CNN models
preprintposted on 24.05.2021, 19:53 by Yahia Hamdi, Houcine Boubaker, Besma Rabhi, Wael Ouarda, Adel Alimi
Currently, deep learning approaches have proven successful in the areas of handwriting recognition. Despite this, research in this field is still needed, especially in the context of multilingual online handwriting recognition scripts by adopting new network architectures and combining relevant parametric models. In this paper, we propose a multi-stage deep learning-based algorithm for multilingual online handwriting recognition based on hybrid deep Bidirectional Long Short Term Memory (DBLSTM) and SVM networks. The main contributions of our work lie in partly in the composition of a new multi-stage architecture of deep learning networks associated with effective feature vectors that integrate dynamic and visual characteristics. First, the proposed system proceeds by pretreating the acquired script and delimiting its Segments of Online Handwriting Trajectories (SOHTs). Second, two types of feature vectors combining BetaElliptic Model (BEM) and Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) are extracted for each SOHT in order to fuzzy classify them into k sub-groups using DBLSTM neural networks for both online and offline branches trained using an unsupervised fuzzy k-means algorithm. Finally, we combine the trained models to strengthen the discrimination power of the global system using SVM engine. Extensive experiments on three data sets were conducted to validate the performance of the proposed method. The experimental results show the effectiveness and complementarities of the individual modules and the advantage of their fusion.