Identity_protection_in_facial_video_v06212022.pdf (2.41 MB)

Identity-Privacy Protection for Facial-rPPG Based Smart Health Research

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posted on 2022-07-22, 21:11 authored by Mingliang ChenMingliang Chen, Ashira Jayaweera, Chau-Wai WongChau-Wai Wong, Min WuMin Wu

Camera-based remote photoplethysmography (rPPG) technology has shown a promising future in contact-free cardiac and other smart health applications. The rPPG technology typically requires facial videos as a source input, which may lead to identity-privacy concerns. Facial videos are sensitive and contain subjects' identifiable appearance features. Coupled with the health information potentially revealed by rPPG techniques, the compounding sensitivity has been a major obstacle to encouraging the sharing of facial rPPG video datasets in the research community to foster the advancement of the field. This paper investigates a suite of anonymization transforms that remove the identifiable appearance features in facial videos and retain the physiological signals for rPPG analysis. After the transformation, the facial videos are de-identified and may be shared in public with little risk of identity-privacy leakage. The proposed algorithm offers tunable options to balance the physiological fidelity and the identity-protecting strength to meet different levels of privacy requirements. A human subject study has been carried out to understand -- both qualitatively and quantitatively -- the perceived strength and efficacy of privacy protection by these anonymization techniques in de-identifying the facial videos and maintaining the physiological signals.


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Submitting Author's Institution

University of Maryland

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  • United States of America