Intelligent COVID-19 Forecasting, Diagnoses and Monitoring Systems: A Survey
preprintposted on 2021-08-18, 01:32 authored by Nasreen AnjumNasreen Anjum, Amna Asif,, Mehreen Kiran, Fouzia Jabeen, Zhaohui Yang, Chongwen HuangChongwen Huang, Salma Noor, Kanwal Imran, Ihsan AliIhsan Ali, Ehab Mahmoud Mohamed
To date, the novel Corona virus (SARS-CoV-2) has infected millions and has caused the deaths of thousands of people around the world. At the moment, five antibodies, two from China, two from the U.S., and one from the UK, have already been widely utilized and numerous vaccines are under the trail process. In order to reach herd immunity, around 70% of the population would need to be inoculated. It may take several years to hinder the spread of SARS-CoV-2. Governments and concerned authorities have taken stringent measurements such as enforcing partial, complete, or smart lockdowns, building temporary medical facilities, advocating social distancing, and mandating masks in public as well as setting up awareness campaigns. Furthermore, there have been massive efforts in various research areas and a wide variety of tools, technologies and techniques have been explored and developed to combat the war against this pandemic. Interestingly, machine learning algorithms and internet of Things (IoTs) technology are the pioneers in this race. Up till now, several real-time and intelligent COVID-19 forecasting, diagnosing, and monitoring systems have been proposed to tackle the COVID-19 pandemic. In this article based on our extensive literature review, we provide a taxonomy based on the intelligent COVID-19 forecasting, diagnosing, and monitoring systems. We review the available literature extensively under the proposed taxonomy and have analyzed a significantly wide range of machine learning algorithms and IoTs which can be used in predicting the spread of COVID-19 and in diagnosing and monitoring the infected individuals. Furthermore, we identify the challenges and also provide our vision about the future research on COVID-19.