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Target Characterization and Scattering Power Decomposition for Full and Compact Polarimetric SAR Data

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posted on 19.08.2020 by Subhadip Dey, Avik Bhattacharya, Debanshu Ratha, Dipankar Mandal, Alejandro C. Frery
This manuscript was accepted for publication on IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing.

Abstract: In radar polarimetry, incoherent target decomposition
techniques help extract scattering information from polarimetric
SAR data. This is achieved either by fitting appropriate scattering models or by optimizing the received wave intensity
through the diagonalization of the coherency (or covariance)
matrix. As such, the received wave information depends on
the received antenna configuration. Additionally, a polarimetric
descriptor that is independent of the received antenna configuration might provide additional information which is missed by the individual elements of the coherency matrix. This implies that existing target characterization techniques might neglect this information. In this regard, we suitably utilize the 2D and 3D Barakat degree of polarization which is independent of the received antenna configuration to obtain distinct polarimetric information for target characterization. In this study, we introduce new roll-invariant scattering-type parameters for both full-polarimetric (FP) and compact-polarimetric (CP) SAR data. These new parameters jointly use the information of the 2D and 3D Barakat degree of polarization and the elements of the coherency (or covariance) matrix. We use these new scattering type parameters, which provide equivalent information as the Cloude alpha for FP SAR data and the ellipticity parameter chi for CP SAR data, to characterize various targets adequately. Additionally, we appropriately utilize these new scattering-type parameters to obtain unique non-model based three-component scattering power decomposition techniques. We obtain the even-bounce, and the odd-bounce scattering powers by modulating the total polarized power by a proper geometrical factor derived using the new scattering-type parameters for FP and CP SAR data. The diffused scattering power is obtained as the depolarized fraction of the total power. Moreover, due to the nature of its formulation, the decomposition scattering powers are nonnegative and roll-invariant while the total power is conserved. The proposed method is both qualitatively and quantitatively assessed utilizing the L-band ALOS-2 and C-band Radarsat-2 FP and the associated simulated CP SAR data.


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Universidade Federal de Alagoas

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