NOMA-enabled Optimization Framework for Next-generation Small-cell IoV Networks under Imperfect SIC Decoding
preprintposted on 04.06.2021, 04:47 by Wali Ullah Khan, Xingwang Li, Asim Ihsan, Mohammad Ayoub Khan, Varun G Menon, Manzoor Ahmed
To meet the demands of massive connections, diverse quality of services (QoS), ultra-reliable and low latency in the future sixth-generation (6G) Internet-of-vehicle (IoV) communications, we propose non-orthogonal multiple access (NOMA)-enabled small-cell IoV network (SVNet). We aim to investigate the trade-off between system capacity and energy efficiency through a joint power optimization framework. In particular, we formulate a nonlinear multi-objective optimization problem under imperfect successive interference cancellation (SIC) detecting. Thus, the objective is to simultaneously maximize the sum-capacity and minimize the total transmit power of NOMA-enabled SVNet subject to individual IoV QoS, maximum transmit power and efficient signal detecting. To solve the nonlinear problem, we first exploit a weighted-sum method to handle the multi-objective optimization and then adopt a new iterative Sequential Quadratic Programming (SQP)-based approach to obtain the optimal solution. The proposed optimization framework is compared with Karush-Kuhn-Tucker (KKT)-based NOMA framework, average power NOMA framework, and conventional OMA framework. Monte Carlo simulation results unveil the validness of our derivations.