Number of autonomous agents in a neural network
preprintposted on 09.11.2021, 03:40 by Subhash KakSubhash Kak
This paper considers several aspects of the relationship between size, structure, speed of propagation and the number of autonomous cognitive agents in a neural network. Whereas, memory and function generation capacities of neural networks with scale invariant structure have been investigated extensively, the number of autonomous agents has not received prior attention. We propose the emergence of the dichotomy of causal and noncausal regions that is related to speed of propagation, in which the autonomous cognitive agents are not bound in a causal relationship with other agents. Arguments are presented for why the count of autonomous agents is best estimated with respect to the dimensionality of the underlying space. The number of autonomous agents obtained for the human brain equals twenty-five, and it is significant that the number in the sub-system modules also turns out to be close to the same value. It is possible that this near equality across layers provides a special uniqueness to the human brain. We argue that the findings of this study will be useful in the design of neural-network based AI systems that are designed to emulate human cognitive capacity.