On the Design of Rate Adaptation for Relay-Assisted Satellite Hybrid FSO/RF Systems
This paper addresses the design of hybrid free-space optical/radio frequency (FSO/RF) systems for a high-altitude platform (HAP)-aided relaying satellite communication for mobile networks supported by unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV). While prior work primarily focused on fixed-rate design, which frequently switches between FSO and RF lead to reduce the system performance, we propose a rate adaptation design that gradually adjusts the data rate in each link when its channel state fluctuates. The proposed design's downlink performance is analyzed, taking into account many challenging issues, including beam spreading loss, cloud attenuation, statistical behaviors of the atmospheric turbulence in the dual-hop channel, and pointing misalignment due to the UAV hovering. Different performance metrics are analytically derived based on channel modelings, such as outage probability, average transmission rate, achievable spectrum efficiency, and average transmission rate. The numerical results quantitatively confirm the effectiveness of our proposed system under the impact of UAV hovering misalignment and atmospheric-related issues like clouds and turbulence. Finally, Monte-Carlo simulations validate the accuracy of theoretical results.