Pansformers: Transformer-Based Self-Attention Network for Pansharpening
preprintposted on 11.12.2021, 11:33 authored by Nithin G R, Nitish Kumar MNitish Kumar M, Venkateswaran Narasimhan, Rajanikanth Kakani, Ujjwal Gupta, Ankur Garg
Pansharpening is the task of creating a High-Resolution Multi-Spectral Image (HRMS) by extracting and infusing pixel details from the High-Resolution Panchromatic Image into the Low-Resolution Multi-Spectral (LRMS). With the boom in the amount of satellite image data, researchers have replaced traditional approaches with deep learning models. However, existing deep learning models are not built to capture intricate pixel-level relationships. Motivated by the recent success of self-attention mechanisms in computer vision tasks, we propose Pansformers, a transformer-based self-attention architecture, that computes band-wise attention. A further improvement is proposed in the attention network by introducing a Multi-Patch Attention mechanism, which operates on non-overlapping, local patches of the image. Our model is successful in infusing relevant local details from the Panchromatic image while preserving the spectral integrity of the MS image. We show that our Pansformer model significantly improves the performance metrics and the output image quality on imagery from two satellite distributions IKONOS and LANDSAT-8.