Probabilistic Decentralised Control and Message Passing Framework for Future Grid
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In this paper, we propose a unified probabilistic decentralised control and message passing framework for real time control of the electrical grid which enables the development of the future smart grid. The key elements of the proposed framework are the design of local randomised controllers and probabilistic message passing methodology which enables the coordination between the designed local controllers to account for optimisation considerations on the system operation. Within the proposed framework, the electric grid is decomposed into a number of control areas. Additionally, since the frequency is the ubiquitous grid state variable, representing the balancing of active power generation and consumption, the proposed framework is demonstrated based on local Load Frequency Control (LFC). Simulation studies involving a six-area power system and three interconnection schemes are carried out to illustrate the applicability and effectiveness of the proposed approach.