PulseEdit: Editing Physiological Signals in Facial Videos for Privacy Protection
preprintposted on 2022-01-31, 13:40 authored by Mingliang ChenMingliang Chen, Xin Liao, Min WuMin Wu
Recent studies have shown that physiological signals such as heart beat and breathing can be remotely captured from human faces using a regular color camera under ambient light. This technology, referred to as remote photoplethysmography (rPPG), can be used to collect the physiological status of users who are in front of a camera, which may raise privacy concerns. To avoid the privacy abuse of the rPPG technology, this paper develops PulseEdit, a novel and efficient algorithm that can edit the physiological signals in facial videos without affecting visual appearance and thus protect the user's physiological signal from disclosure. PulseEdit can either remove the trace of the physiological signal in a video or transform the video to contain a target physiological signal chosen by a user. Experimental results show that PulseEdit can effectively edit physiological signals in facial videos and prevent heart rate measurement based on rPPG. It is possible to utilize PulseEdit in adversarial scenarios against rPPG-based visual security algorithms. We present analyses on the performance of PulseEdit against rPPG-based liveness detection and rPPG-based deepfake detection, and demonstrate its ability to circumvent these visual security algorithms and its important role in supporting the design of attack-resilient systems.