RIS aided Physical Layer Key Generation of IoT network in Static Environments
preprintposted on 25.04.2022, 19:07 by jie yangjie yang, Xinsheng Ji, Kaizhi Huang, liang wang, ge niu
Physical layer secret key generation schemes can provide lightweight encryption for resource constrained Inter?net of Things (IoT) devices. However, many IoT devices are stationary and the environment is usually static, which leads to ultra-low/zero secret key rates. To circumvent this problem, a novel secret key generation scheme based on Reconfigurable Intelligent Surface (RIS) is proposed for Multiple-Input Single?Output IoT communications. The RIS is introduced into the network, and the phase shifts at RIS are tuned randomly in each frame, which superimpose time-varying reflection channels on the orginal channels. And then the secret key capacity of all nodes within the cell coverage area can be remarkably improved. The closed-form expressions of secret key capacity taking into account eavesdropping are first derived for the case studies of independent and correlated channels. We can conclude that sharing the same phase shifts randomness will not bring key information leakage. Compared with three benchmark schemes, the proposed scheme can both maintain good performance whenever eavesdropping nodes exist. Further, the impact of parameters, such as the number of reflecting units, the transmit antennas and the Rician factor, on secret key performance are analyzed respectively, which can offer guidelines for system design. Finally, simulation results verify the theoretical analysis.