Robust Edge Computing in UAV Systems via Scalable Computing and Cooperative Computing
Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) systems are of increasing interest to academia and industry due to their mobility, flexibility and maneuverability, and are an effective alternative to various uses such as surveillance and mobile edge computing (MEC). However, due to their limited computational and communications resources, it is difficult to serve all computation tasks simultaneously. This article tackles this problem by first proposing a scalable aerial computing solution, which is applicable for computation tasks of multiple quality levels, corresponding to different computation workloads and computation results of distinct performances. It opens up the possibility to maximally improve the overall computing performance with limited computational and communications resources. To meet the demands for timely video analysis that exceed the computing power of a UAV, we propose an aerial video streaming enabled cooperative computing solution namely, UAVideo, which streams videos from a UAV to ground servers. As a complement to scalable aerial computing, UAVideo minimizes the video streaming time under the constraints on UAV trajectory, video features, and communications resources. Simulation results reveal the substantial advantages of the proposed solutions. Besides, we highlight relevant directions for future research.