Preprints are manuscripts made publicly available before they have been submitted for formal peer review and publication. They might contain new research findings or data. Preprints can be a draft or final version of an author's research but must not have been accepted for publication at the time of submission.
Face recognition is widely employed in Automated Border Control (ABC) gates, which verify the face image on passport or electronic Machine Readable Travel Document (eMTRD) against the captured image to confirm the identity of the passport holder. In this paper, we present a robust morph detection algorithm that is based on differential morph detection. The proposed method decomposes the bona fide image captured from the ABC gate and the digital face image extracted from the eMRTD into the diffuse reconstructed image and a quantized normal map. The extracted features are further used to learn a linear classifier (SVM) to detect a morphing attack based on the assessment of differences between the bona fide image from the ABC gate and the digital face image extracted from the passport. Owing to the availability of multiple cameras within an ABC gate, we extend the proposed method to fuse the classification scores to generate the final decision on morph-attack-detection. To validate our proposed algorithm, we create a morph attack database with overall 588 images, where bona fide are captured in an indoor lighting environment with a Canon DSLR Camera with one sample per subject and correspondingly images from ABC gates. We benchmark our proposed method with the existing state-of-the-art and can state that the new approach significantly outperforms previous approaches in the ABC gate scenario.