Simulation of electrooptical measurements of prebreakdown electric fields in water. Part 2. Electric field near cathode streamer
preprintposted on 03.03.2022, 18:05 by Vladimir YassinskiyVladimir Yassinskiy, Yulia Kuznetsova, Sergey Korobeynikov, Denis Vagin
In this paper, we continue the analysis of electrooptical studies of the prebreakdown stage in water in the submicrosecond range. We consider a cathode streamer developing in a system of the spherical electrodes. Computer simulation of electric showed that at a constant e = 80, the field strength at the head of the cathode streamer should not exceed E = 1.9 MV/cm. Taking into account the nonlinearity of the permittivity e = e(E) made it possible to estimate this field strength as E ~ 2.4-3.1 MV/cm. It is shown that even with some excess of the strength over the threshold value (ES ~ 3 MV/cm), at which the state of dipole saturation is possible; its consideration does not lead to a noticeable change in the result. Thus, a significant decrease in the field strength near the cathode streamer compared to the anode streamer was confirmed.