Spiking Neural Network-Based Radar Gesture Recognition System Using Raw ADC Data
One of the main challenges in developing embedded radar-based gesture recognition systems is the requirement of energy efficiency. To facilitate this, we present an embedded gesture recognition system using a 60 GHz frequency modulated continuous wave radar using spiking neural networks (SNNs) applied directly to raw ADC data. The SNNs are sparse in time and space, and event-driven which makes them energy-efficient. In contrast to the previous state-of-the-art methods, the proposed system is only based on the raw ADC data of the target thus avoiding the overhead of performing the slow-time and fast-time Fourier transforms (FFTs). Furthermore, the pre-processing slow-time FFT is mimicked in the proposed SNN architecture, where the proposed model processing speed of 12 ms advances the state-of-the-art by a factor of 17.7. The experimental results demonstrate that despite the simplification the proposed implementation achieves recognition accuracy of 98.1 %, which is comparable to the conventional approaches.