The Internet of Bodies: The Human Body as an Efficient and Secure Wireless Channel
preprintposted on 2021-09-15, 04:05 authored by Abdulkadir CelikAbdulkadir Celik, Ahmed Eltawil
Taking a cue from the Internet of Things, the Internet of Bodies (IoB) can be defined as a network of smart objects placed in, on, and around the human body, allowing for intra- and inter-body communications. This position paper aims to provide a glimpse into the opportunities created by implantable, injectable, ingestible, and wearable IoB devices. The paper starts with a thorough discussion of application-specific design goals, technical challenges, and enabling of communication standards. We discuss the reason that the highly radiative nature of radio frequency (RF) systems results in inefficient systems due to over-extended coverage that causes interference and becomes susceptible to eavesdropping. Body channel communication (BCC) presents an attractive, alternative wireless technology by inherently coupling signals to the human body, resulting in highly secure and efficient communications. The conductive nature of body tissues yields a better channel quality, while the BCC's operational frequency range (1-100 kHz) eliminates the need for radio front-ends. State-of-the-art BCC transceivers can reach several tens of Mbps data rates at pJ/b energy efficiency levels that support IoB devices and applications. Furthermore, as the cyber and biological worlds meet, security risks and privacy concerns take center stage, leading to a discussion of the multi-faceted legal, societal, ethical, and political issues related to technology governance.
Email Address of Submitting Authorabdulkadir.email@example.com
Submitting Author's InstitutionKing Abdullah University of Science and Technology
Submitting Author's CountrySaudi Arabia
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Internet of things(IoT)Body Area NetworksWireless Body Area Network (WBAN)Wireless body area networksWireless Sensor Networks (WSN)intrabody communicationHuman Body CommunicationBody Channel Communicationcapacitive couplinggalvanic couplingmagnetic couplingBiomedical EngineeringeHealth technologiesBluetooth communicationWiFi Access PointsInternet of Things Healthcare MarketIOT Healthcare MarketIOT Healthcare Market SizeIOT Healthcare Market TrendsInternet of ThingsautomationsensorsWIFIHome AutomationWireless Sensor NetworksNetwork Lifetime Routing ProtocolsRouting challengesWSN applications