Toward Accountable and Explainable Artificial Intelligence Part Two: The Framework Implementation
preprintposted on 10.02.2022, 12:34 authored by Masood KhanMasood Khan, Jordan Vice
This paper builds upon the theoretical foundations of the Accountable explainable Artificial Intelligence (AXAI) capability framework presented in part one of this paper. This part demonstrates the incorporation of the AXAI capability in the real time Affective State Assessment Module (ASAM) of a robotic system. The paper argues that adhering to the extreme Programming (XP) practices would help in understanding user behavior while systematically incorporating the AXAI capability in AI systems. Issues pertaining to identification of ethical, technical, functional, and domain-specific system requirements were resolved using an appropriate software design process, thus establishing confidence in the system. The presented ASAM synthesizes discrete and continuous models of affective state expressions and classifies them in real-time. Input, processed and output data are continuously shared with users via a graphical user interface (GUI) for providing reasons behind decisions. The GUI also disseminates information about local reasoning, data handling and decision-making. We hope this work will initiate further investigations on selection of suitable software design practices for incorporating the AXAI capability in AI systems, enhancing AI system acceptability and utility and, establishing a chain of responsibility.