Visualization and Reduction of Mutual Coupling Between Antennas Installed on a Platform
preprintposted on 06.07.2021, 17:54 by Johan Lundgren, Johan Malmström, Jari-Matti Hannula, Lars Jonsson
Mutual coupling, or equivalently, the isolation between antennas, is a key parameter in antenna system design. In this work, the previously defined impedance density is generalized, and it is demonstrated how it can be used to obtain spatial information about the mutual coupling. The generalized impedance density is a real-valued scalar and it can be visualized as a three-dimensional density in space. It is shown that there is a strong connection between regions with a positive (negative) generalized impedance density and a decrease (increase) of the coupling when an absorber is placed in that region. This predictive ability is a useful feature, which is tested for three numerical cases. The results are robust to the shape of the platform, and it can be compared across frequencies. By placing absorbers based on the generalized impedance density, it is possible to reduce the required amount of absorbers needed to obtain a certain reduction in mutual coupling. The visualization results and predictions of absorber positions are compared with a Poynting vector based method. Placing absorbers based on the generalized impedance density had a larger impact on the mutual coupling, compared to the predictions with the Poynting vector based method in the investigated cases.
Walter Ahlström Foundation
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