What You See Is What You Transform: Foveated Spatial Transformers as a bio-inspired attention mechanism
preprintposted on 2021-09-07, 21:28 authored by Ghassan DabaneGhassan Dabane, Laurent PerrinetLaurent Perrinet, Emmanuel Daucé
Convolutional Neural Networks have been considered the go-to option for object recognition in computer vision for the last couple of years. However, their invariance to object’s translations is still deemed as a weak point and remains limited to small translations only via their max-pooling layers. One bio-inspired approach considers the What/Where pathway separation in Mammals to overcome this limitation. This approach works as a nature-inspired attention mechanism, another classical approach of which is Spatial Transformers. These allow an adaptive endto-end learning of different classes of spatial transformations throughout training. In this work, we overview Spatial Transformers as an attention-only mechanism and compare them with the What/Where model. We show that the use of attention restricted or “Foveated” Spatial Transformer Networks, coupled alongside a curriculum learning training scheme and an efficient log-polar visual space entry, provides better performance when compared to the What/Where model, all this without the need for any extra supervision whatsoever.