loading page

Comment on ‘ Comment on ‘Enhancing the security of communication via directly modulated antenna arrays’ ’
  • Yuan Ding
Yuan Ding
Heriot-Watt University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


A comment provided by Tao Hong concluded that ‘the directional modulation (DM) signal synthesised using a phased array needs at least three elements’. This loose conclusion is challenged here by clarifying some DM concepts that are foundations of the DM framework.