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A Novel Hybrid GWO with WOA for Global Numerical Optimization and Solving Pressure Vessel Design
  • Hardi M. Mohammed ,
  • Tarik A. Rashid
Hardi M. Mohammed
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Tarik A. Rashid
University of Kurdistan Hewler

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Note: This paper has been accepted by the journal of neural computing and applications.
A recent metaheuristic algorithm, such as Whale Optimization Algorithm (WOA), was proposed. The idea of proposing this algorithm belongs to the hunting behavior of the humpback whale. However, WOA suffers from poor performance in the exploitation phase and stagnates in the local best solution. Grey Wolf Optimization (GWO) is a very competitive algorithm comparing to other common metaheuristic algorithms as it has a super performance in the exploitation phase while it is tested on unimodal benchmark functions. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to hybridize GWO with WOA to overcome the problems. GWO can perform well in exploiting optimal solutions. In this paper, a hybridized WOA with GWO which is called WOAGWO is presented. The proposed hybridized model consists of two steps. Firstly, the hunting mechanism of GWO is embedded into the WOA exploitation phase with a new condition which is related to GWO. Secondly, a new technique is added to the exploration phase to improve the solution after each iteration. Experimentations are tested on three different standard test functions which are called benchmark functions: 23 common functions, 25 CEC2005 functions and 10 CEC2019 functions. The proposed WOAGWO is also evaluated against original WOA, GWO and three other commonly used algorithms. Results show that WOAGWO outperforms other algorithms depending on the Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Finally, WOAGWO is likewise applied to solve an engineering problem such as pressure vessel design. Then the results prove that WOAGWO achieves optimum solution which is better than WOA and Fitness Dependent Optimizer (FDO).
Sep 2020Published in Neural Computing and Applications volume 32 issue 18 on pages 14701-14718. 10.1007/s00521-020-04823-9