loading page

A Fast - Algorithmic Probabilistic Evaluation on Regional Rate of Change of Frequency (RoCoF) for Operational Planning of High Renewable Penetrated Power Systems
  • Jiaxin Wen ,
  • Siqi Bu
Jiaxin Wen
Author Profile
Siqi Bu
Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


The high rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) issue incurred by the integration of renewable energy sources (RESs) into a modern power system significantly threatens the grid security, and thus needs to be carefully examined in the operational planning. However, severe fluctuation of regional frequency responses concerned by system operators could be concealed by the conventional assessment based on aggregated system frequency response. Moreover, the occurrence probability of a high RoCoF issue is actually a very vital factor during the system planner’s decision making. Therefore, this paper proposes a fast-algorithmic evaluation method to determine the probabilistic distribution of regional RoCoF for the operational planning of a RES penetrated power system. Firstly, an analytical sensitivity (AS) that quantifies the relationship between the regional RoCoF and the stochastic output of the RES is derived based on the generator and network information. Then a linear sensitivity-based analytical method (LSM) is established to calculate regional RoCoF and the corresponding probabilistic distribution, which takes much less computational time when comparing with the scenario-based simulation (SBS) and involves much less complicated calculation procedure when comparing with the cumulant-based method (CBM). The effectiveness and efficiency of the proposed method are verified in a modified 16-machine 5-area IEEE benchmark system by numerical SBS and analytical CBM.
01 Jun 2020Published in Energies volume 13 issue 11 on pages 2780. 10.3390/en13112780