loading page

A Multi-Task Pipeline with Specialized Streams for Classification and Segmentation of Infection Manifestations in COVID-19 Scans
  • Ahmad Al-Kabbany ,
  • Shimaa El-bana ,
  • Maha Sharkas
Ahmad Al-Kabbany
Author Profile
Shimaa El-bana
Alexandria Higher Institute of Engineering and Technology

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile
Maha Sharkas
Author Profile


We are concerned with the challenge of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) detection in chest
X-ray and Computed Tomography (CT) scans, and the classification and segmentation of related
infection manifestations. Even though it is arguably not an established diagnostic tool, using machine
learning-based analysis of COVID-19 medical scans has shown the potential to provide a preliminary
digital second opinion. This can help in managing the current pandemic, and thus has been attracting
significant research attention. In this research, we propose a multi-task pipeline that takes advantage
of the growing advances in deep neural network models. In the first stage, we fine-tuned an
Inception-v3 deep model for COVID-19 recognition using multi-modal learning, i.e., using X-ray and
CT scans. In addition to outperforming other deep models on the same task in the recent literature,
with an attained accuracy of 99.4%, we also present comparative analysis for multi-modal learning
against learning from X-ray scans alone. The second and the third stages of the proposed pipeline
complement one another in dealing with different types of infection manifestations. The former
features a convolutional neural network architecture for recognizing three types of manifestations,
while the latter transfers learning from another knowledge domain, namely, pulmonary nodule
segmentation in CT scans, to produce binary masks for segmenting the regions corresponding to
these manifestations. Our proposed pipeline also features specialized streams in which multiple deep
models are trained separately to segment specific types of infection manifestations, and we show the
significant impact that this framework has on various performance metrics. We evaluate the
proposed models on widely adopted datasets, and we demonstrate an increase of approximately 4%
and 7% for dice coefficient and mean intersection-over-union (mIoU), respectively, while achieving
60% reduction in computational time, compared to the recent literature.