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Risk-Based Robust Bidding Strategies for EVs' Aggregators in Day-ahead Markets with Uncertainty
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  • Ahmed Abdelmoaty ,
  • Wessam Mesbah ,
  • Mohammad A. M. Abdel-Aal ,
  • Ali T. Alawami
Ahmed Abdelmoaty
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Wessam Mesbah
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Mohammad A. M. Abdel-Aal
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Ali T. Alawami
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In the recent electricity market framework, the profit of the generation companies depends on the decision of the operator on the schedule of its units, the energy price, and the optimal bidding strategies. Due to the expanded integration of uncertain renewable generators which is highly intermittent such as wind plants, the coordination with other facilities to mitigate the risks of imbalances is mandatory. Accordingly, coordination of wind generators with the evolutionary Electric Vehicles (EVs) is expected to boost the performance of the grid. In this paper, we propose a robust optimization approach for the coordination between the wind-thermal generators and the EVs in a virtual
power plant (VPP) environment. The objective of maximizing the profit of the VPP Operator (VPPO) is studied. The optimal bidding strategy of the VPPO in the day-ahead market under uncertainties of wind power, energy
prices, imbalance prices, and demand is obtained for the worst case scenario. A case study is conducted to assess the e?effectiveness of the proposed model in terms of the VPPO’s profit. A comparison between the proposed model and the scenario-based optimization was introduced. Our results confirmed that, although the conservative behavior of the worst-case robust optimization model, it helps the decision maker from the fluctuations of the uncertain parameters involved in the production and bidding processes. In addition, robust optimization is a more tractable problem and does not suffer from
the high computation burden associated with scenario-based stochastic programming. This makes it more practical for real-life scenarios.