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Energy-Spectrum Efficient Content Distribution in Fog-RAN Using Rate-Splitting, Common Message Decoding, and 3D-Resource Matching
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Multi-objective resource allocations are studied for a multi-level edge-caching enabled fog-radio access network. Notably, joint maximization of the energy-efficiency (EE) and spectrum-efficiency (EE) and interference management for the content distribution phase are investigated. In the envisioned system, the popular contents are cached at both the fog access point (F-AP) and fog user equipments (F-UEs), and the content-requesting devices are grouped into multiple device-clusters based on their locations. Using a rate-splitting with common message decoding based transmission strategy, each device-cluster is simultaneously served by a suitably selected F-UE and the F-AP over the same radio resource blocks. To maximize system EE and SE of the content distribution phase jointly, a multi-objective optimization problem (MOOP) is formulated. By using the $\epsilon$-constraint method, the proposed MOOP is converted to an EE-SE trade-off optimization problem. Leveraging iterative function evaluation based power control and generalized 3D-resource matching, a novel algorithm is devised to obtain near-optimal Pareto front for the proposed MOOP. By inspecting solutions over the Pareto optimal front, a suitable operating EE-SE pair and the corresponding resource allocation variables are obtained. A low-complexity algorithm to obtain a suitable EE-SE trade-off is also devised. The conducted simulations confirm that the proposed algorithms achieve substantial improvement of system EE and SE over the baseline schemes.
Aug 2021Published in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications volume 20 issue 8 on pages 4929-4946. 10.1109/TWC.2021.3063283