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Energy-Spectrum Efficient Content Distribution in Fog-RAN Using Rate-Splitting, Common Message Decoding, and 3D-Resource Matching
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Multi-objective resource allocation is studied for edge-caching enabled fog-radio access network. Notably, joint maximization of the energy-efficiency (EE) and spectrum-efficiency (SE) and interference management are investigated for distributing contents from the cache-enabled fog access points (F-APs) and cloud base station (CBS) to the user devices (UDs). In our envisioned system, the UDs are grouped into multiple non-overlapping device-clusters based on their locations. A rate-splitting with common message decoding based transmission strategy is applied to enable UDs of each device-cluster to receive data from a suitably selected F-AP and CBS over the same radio resource blocks. To maximize system EE and SE jointly, a multi-objective optimization problem (MOOP) is formulated and it is solved in three stages. At first, by employing the $\epsilon$-constraint method, the MOOP is converted to an EE-SE trade-off optimization problem. Then, by leveraging iterative function evaluation based power control and generalized 3D-resource matching, the EE-SE trade-off optimization problem is solved and a novel resource allocation algorithm is proposed to obtain near-optimal Pareto-front for the proposed MOOP. To reduce the complexity of obtaining near-optimal Pareto-front, a sub-optimal resource allocation algorithm is proposed as well. Finally, a low-complexity algorithm is devised to select a suitable operating EE-SE pair from the obtained Pareto-front. The conducted simulations demonstrate that the proposed resource allocation schemes achieve substantial improvement of system EE and SE over the benchmark schemes.
Aug 2021Published in IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications volume 20 issue 8 on pages 4929-4946. 10.1109/TWC.2021.3063283