loading page

Toward More Reliable Deep Learning-Based Link Adaptation for WiFi 6
  • Mostafa Hussien
Mostafa Hussien
University of Quebec, University of Quebec

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

Author Profile


The problem of selecting the modulation and coding scheme (MCS) that maximizes the system throughput, known as link adaptation, has been investigated extensively, especially for IEEE 802.11 (WiFi) standards. Recently, deep learning has widely been adopted as an efficient solution to this problem. However, in model failure cases, predicting a higher-rate MCS can result in a failed transmission. In this case, retransmission is required, which largely degrades the system throughput. To address this issue, we formulate the adaptive modulation and coding (AMC) problem as a multi-label multi-class classification problem. The proposed formulation allows more control over what the model predicts in failure cases. In this context, we propose a simple, yet powerful, loss function to reduce the number of retransmissions due to higher-rate MCS classification errors. Since wireless channels change significantly due to the surrounding environment, a huge dataset is generated to cover all possible propagation conditions. However, to reduce training complexity, we train the CNN model using part of the dataset. The effect of different subdataset selection criteria on the classification accuracy is studied. It is shown that some criteria for dataset selection consistently behave better than others. To confirm the performance, we applied the proposed model for adapting the IEEE 802.11ax standard in outdoor propagation scenarios. The simulation results show that the proposed loss function reduces up to 50% of retransmissions compared to traditional loss functions. Finally, we propose an optimal subdataset selection criterion.