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Motion-Induced Imbalance of Contact Impedance in ECG Capture: Comparison of Electrode Materials in Capacitive Coupling
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  • Sebastian Pfeiffer ,
  • Sebastian Meyer ,
  • Oliver Amft ,
  • Daisuke Anzai ,
  • Jianqin Wang ,
  • Georg Fischer ,
  • Jens Kirchner
Sebastian Pfeiffer
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Sebastian Meyer
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Oliver Amft
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Daisuke Anzai
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Jianqin Wang
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Georg Fischer
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Jens Kirchner
Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg, Friedrich-Alexander-Universitaet Erlangen-Nuernberg

Corresponding Author:[email protected]

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Differences in contact impedance of the ECG measurement electrodes lead to asymmetries of the signal paths and thus result in reduced common-mode rejection and artifacts. Here, the imbalance of contact impedance is investigated for
different types of electrodes with capacitive coupling in terms of static imbalance as well as dynamic variation during body movement. Flexible and incompressible materials like conductive foam and fabric showed the best overall performance. The negative effect of rigidity can partly be compensated by adding conducting foam, while soft materials can profit from an increase of electrode area.